Native American Trail Tree - Kingsport, Tennessee.
N 36° 29.958 W 082° 29.219
17S E 366827 N 4040358
Quick Description: A Native American Trail Tree located along the Great Warriors Path in present day Warrior's Path State Park in Kingsport, Tennessee.
Location: Tennessee, United States
Date Posted: 7/16/2012 8:49:21 PM
Waymark Code: WMEX5D
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Neos2
Views: 5

Long Description:
This Native American Trail Tree along the Great Warrior's Path is located at the entrance of a cave that has long been collasped. The Great Warrior's Path was a network of trails used as a trade and war route by the Native Americans, last used in this area by the Cherokee before the White settlers. Likely this trail passed through the area known as Indian Springs and followed Fall Creek to the South Fork of the Holston River, known to the Cherokee as the Hogohegee to a crossing where later pioneers established two ferry crossings in the general area, this tree being closest and directly across from Childress Ferry. This tree likely marked the trail to Watagua and the Yadkin Valley in North Carolina. Just a few miles away is the Long Island of the Holston, Sacred Ground of the Cherokee. Long Island of the Holston was for many years a jealously guarded possession of the Cherokee Indians. It became the scene of momentous events during the early years of exploration and settlement in the Old Southwest, the springboard for the initial settlement of Kentucky and Middle Tennessee. In its environs was fought the battle that gave those feeble settlements precious time to consolidate their positions during the first 2 years of the American Revolution. Long Island derived strategic importance from its location just east of the junction of the North and South Forks of the Holston. Nearby was the crossing of the Great Indian Warpath, a major trail to the northeast from central Tennessee. Thus the island figured significantly in the colonial struggle with the Indians that began in the middle of the 18th century.
Col. William Byrd, leading a colonial expedition into Cherokee country, built Fort Robinson at the river junction in 1761 and introduced white occupation of the area. When Byrd's force abandoned the fort soon afterward, the Indians resumed possession, although more and more white hunters and traders began passing through en route to the hunting grounds of Kentucky and Tennessee. Among them was Daniel Boone. In March 1775, while Richard Henderson was still negotiating with the Cherokees for their Kentucky land, he sent Boone with 30 axmen to open the trail that was to gain fame as the Wilderness Road. Boone's trailmaking began at Long Island on March 10, and 2 weeks later his party reached the Kentucky River, having marked the way that was to lead 200,000 emigrants to Kentucky within the next 20 years.
The Cherokees cast their lot with the British when the Revolution began. Stung into action by colonial settlement on the east Tennessee land they claimed, the Indians moved to crush the frontiersmen in July 1776. The defenders of Eaton's Fort, on high ground near Long Island, sallied onto Long Island Flats and, after a bitter fight, drove the Cherokees from the field. Two months later a punitive expedition against the Indian towns cowed the Cherokees, bringing 2 years of relative peace to the southwestern frontier. At the Treaty of Long Island, in July 1777, the Indians relinquished their claims to the land occupied by whites in east Tennessee.
Besides being the starting point of Boone's Wilderness Road, Long Island was a jumping-off point for the settlement of central Tennessee. Just before Christmas of 1779, Col. John Donelson lead a flotilla of flatboats from there on the long and hazardous voyage down the Tennessee and up the Cumberland to establish Cumberland Colony, the first permanent white settlement in middle Tennessee. The importance of Long Island as a terminus and starting point led to the establishment of a boatyard directly across the river from the west end of the island.
The best place to park and view the Trail Tree is at the Park office parking lot.
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pine45 wrote comment for Native American Trail Tree - Kingsport, Tennessee. 8/22/2012 pine45 wrote comment for it