C&O Canal - Lock #22
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member ParrotRob
N 39° 03.237 W 077° 17.335
18S E 301938 N 4325256
Quick Description: Lock #22 (of 74) on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal - Pennyfield Lock
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 6/12/2006 3:40:59 PM
Waymark Code: WMER6
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member ParrotRob
Views: 53

Long Description:
Pennyfield Lock

This is the twenty-second lock, heading west, in the Chesapeake and Ohio canal system. It is located in Montgomery County, Maryland, a couple of miles south of Seneca Creek State Park. It is located at canal milepost

Pennyfield Lock can be reached by turning off of River Road onto Pennyfield Lock road and following it to the end. There is an abandoned house opposite the lockhouse here that used to be the old Pennyfield Inn, a favorite vacation spot of President Grover Cleveland.

The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal runs 184.5 miles from Georgetown in Washington, DC to Cumberland, Maryland, paralleling the largely unnavigable Potomac River. Originally conceived by George Washington, the intent of the canal was to open shipping to the coal-rich area of Western Maryland, West Virginia and Western Pennsylvania, with the original intention of linking to the Ohio River in Pittsburgh.

Construction of the canal began on July 4, 1828, the same day that ground was broken for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Baltimore, Maryland. By the time the canal reached Cumberland in 1850 it was many years behind schedule and tens of millions of dollars over budget. Although profitable for a brief period during the mid-19th century, as a commercial venture, the canal was doomed by the success of the railroad and operation of the canal was discontinued in 1924 following a catastrophic flood.

In 1938, the federal government acquired the canal land from the then-owner, the B&O Railroad with the intention of converting the canal and towpath into a highway, an idea that persisted well into the 1950's. Supreme Court Justice William Douglas campaigned for the preservation of the land and garnered much publicity by walking the entire towpath in March of 1954 eventually leading to the abandonment of the highway plan. The entire 184.5 miles of canal land were made into a National Historical Park by President Nixon in 1971.

For more information on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, visit www.candocanal.org

Waterway Name: Chesapeake & Ohio Canal

Connected Points:
Georgetown, DC to Cumberland, Maryland

Type: Lock

Date Opened: 09/01/1831

Date Closed (if applicable): 03/29/1924

Elevation Difference (meters): 3.00

Site Status: Inactive

Web Site: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:
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Searcher28 visited C&O Canal - Lock #22 6/14/2013 Searcher28 visited it