7th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.859 W 085° 13.731
16S E 661764 N 3866821
Quick Description: The 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry (USA) Monument is located at the NE entrance to the park on Reeds Bridge Rd at Jays Mill Rd., Chickamauga National Battlefield.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 5/13/2012 7:51:33 AM
Waymark Code: WMEDT6
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 1

Long Description:
This marker is dedicated to the 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry and is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry was organized at Camp Cameron in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and mustered in to Federal service on December 19, 1861.

Text on the front of the marker:
Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry.

Minty’s (1st) Brigade, 2d Division, Cavalry Corps.

Army of the Cumberland




Text on the rear of the marker:
Encountered the enemy, Johnson is division of Hood’s Corps, already in
line of battle, on Ringgold Road in the valley of the Pee Vine Creek.
Three miles east of this point at 7 AM September 18th, 1863, where
at that hour John Ward of Company F. was killed. With the other
regiments of the brigade engaged and retarded the enemy and prevented
him from crossing Chickamauga Creek at Reed's Bridge until 3 P.M.

Reed's Bridge was partially dismantled but restored by the enemy.
The regiment retired with Wilder's Brigade toward Viniard’s House.
Skirmishing until dark, where it dismounted and remained in line of battle
throughout the night. September 19th, 1863, engaged in protecting
trains moving to Rossville. September 20th, 1863, guarded left flank
at Craysville, Chickamauga Station and Red House Bridge,
where Scott’s Brigade of Pegram’s Cavalry was encountered and driven
east across the creek. September 21st, 1863, from 7 AM until 12 M.
skirmish with the enemy who was advancing upon General Thomas
at Rossville. Captain D.G. May killed. September 22d, 1863, at
Rossville Gap attacked by the enemy. September 23d, 1863, worked
in trenches at Chattanooga. Casualties killed, 18 wounded

Organized at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, November 18d, 1861.
Disbanded in Harrisburg ,Pennsylvania, August 23d, 1865.


Description: The plaque on the monument depicts a cavalryman on horseback, he holds his saber in his right hand, it is raised over his left shoulder as he prepares to slash down at his foe. He wears a wide brimmed hat and boots. His scabbard hangs from his left shoulder and cross to his right hip. A saddle bag and his bed roll hang are attached to his saddle behind him.

Source of the following: Wikipedia - 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry

"The 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment was a cavalry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The unit was frequently referred to as "80th Regiment".

Service
"The 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry was organized at Camp Cameron in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania September through December 1861 and mustered in for a two year enlistment on December 19, 1861 under the command of Colonel George C. Wynkoop. The regiment was recruited in Allegheny, Berks, Bradford, Centre, Chester, Clinton, Cumberland, Dauphin, Luzerne, Lycoming, Montour, Northumberland, Schuylkill and Tioga counties."

"The regiment served unattached, Army of the Ohio, to March 1862. Negley's 7th Independent Brigade, Army of the Ohio (1st Battalion). Post of Nashville, Tennessee, Department of Ohio (2nd Battalion). 23rd Independent Brigade, Army of the Ohio (3rd Battalion), to September 1862. Cavalry, 8th Division, Army of the Ohio (1st and 2nd Battalions), Unattached, Army of the Ohio (3rd Battalion), to November 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Ohio, to January 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to November 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to July 1865."

"The 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry mustered out of service at Nashville, Tennessee on August 13, 1865."


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1044 (see note)
  LCS ID: 003149




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1988

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

9' x 4' x 11' monument has a 2-step, rock-faced base with bronze state seal in upper step. Rectangular shaft has bronze relief panel of charging cavalryman and raised letter unit designation above and below. Pyramidal capstone.

Long Physical Description

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield at Jay's Mill Field, map site #19.

Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Superstructure
Bronze
3. 
Substructure
Limestone


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1890
AD
1899;
AD
Pausch, E.
Sculptor


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located at the NE entrance to the park on Reeds Bridge Rd at Jays Mill Rd., Chickamauga National Battlefield.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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