Crittenden's Headquarters Shell Monument - Chickamauga, GA
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 53.004 W 085° 16.100
16S E 658249 N 3861480
Quick Description: This pyramid of cannon balls marks the location of Crittenden's Headquarters at daylight on Sept. 19, 1863. It is located on Lee and Gordon Mill Circle in Chickamauga, GA. This marker is outside of the Chickamauga National Military Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 3/4/2012 2:27:39 PM
Waymark Code: WMDX1R
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 0

Long Description:
This pyramid of cannon balls marks the location of Major General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden Headquarters at daylight on Sept. 19, 1863, during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The XXI Army Corps was part of the Army of the Cumberland .





Text on the front of the monument:

Field Headquarters
21st Army Corps
Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden
Daylight, Sept. 19, 1863




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-469(see note)
  LCS ID: 003284




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
10/15/1966

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.
 

Long Significance Description:

Monument marks the locaton of the Headquarters of Major General Thomas L. Crittenden on September 19, 1863 while he commanded the 21st Army Corps of the Army of the Cumberland during the Battle of Chickamauga.

Short Physical Description

7'10" square at base and 5' high, the monument consists of a pyramid of cannonballs set in cement & painted black, resting on a molded limestone base. Attached to base is a painted metal plaque identifying the HQ site.



Long Physical Description

Square base is made up of artillery shells: 7 wide by 7 deep. It is 7 layers tall.

Monument is located south of Chickamauga Battlefield near Lee & Gordon's Mill.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Concrete
2. 
Superstructure
Iron
3. 
Superstructure
Limestone
4. 
Substructure
Limestone


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1893
AD
1895
AD
Betts, E. E.
Engineer


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
5. Wikipedia - Army of the Cumberland



Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located on Lee and Gordon Mill Circle in Chickamauga, GA, near Lee and Gordon's Mill. This marker is outside of the Chickamauga National Military Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
MapQuest
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest NRHP Historic Districts - Contributing Buildings
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited Crittenden's Headquarters Shell Monument - Chickamauga, GA 8/5/2009 Lat34North visited it