75th Illinois Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.151 W 085° 16.375
16S E 657794 N 3863593
Quick Description: This monument to the 75th Illinois Infantry is located south of Wilder Tower on Wilders Rd. in the Chickamauga National Military Park. The 75th was part of Post’s brigade and was responsible for guarding the supply wagons.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 2/21/2012 1:57:00 PM
Waymark Code: WMDT55
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument for the 75th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. This is the only monument to the 75th Illinois on the battlefield. The 75th Illinois was organized at Dixon, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on September 2, 1862. The 75th was part of Post’s brigade and was responsible for guarding the supply wagons. Post brigade was not engaged during the battle.





Text on the front of the monument:

Illinois

75th Infantry
1st Brigade – Post
1st Division – Davis
20th Army Corps – McCook
This regiment was engaged in guarding trains September 19th and
acted with Mitchell’s Cavalry corps at Crawfish Springs during
The afternoon of September 20th, 1863.



Text on the back of the monument:

Commanded by
Col. John E. Bennett
Reached Crawfish Springs
Sept. 20; 1 P.M.




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-696(see note)
  LCS ID: 008909




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7'6" x 4'4" x 4'6" high rock-faced monument consisting of rectangular granite block with an inscribed polished front on granite base. The tops of both pieces are beveled. Marks unit's position on Sept. 20, 1863, at 1:00 p.m.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Bronze


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1899
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 75th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
south of Wilder Tower on Wilders Rd. in the Chickamauga National Military Park


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited 75th Illinois Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 5/19/2011 Lat34North visited it