81st Indiana Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.103 W 085° 15.635
16S E 658922 N 3863524
Quick Description: This monument to the 81st Regiment Indiana Infantry is located in Viniard’s Field on LaFayette Rd at Viniard-Alexander Rd in the Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 2/10/2012 10:31:10 AM
Waymark Code: WMDPE3
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member QuesterMark
Views: 1

Long Description:
This monument to the 81st Regiment Indiana Infantry is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 81st Indiana Infantry was organized at New Albany and mustered into service on August 29, 1862. This is the only monument to the 81st Indiana on the battlefield.




Text on the front of the monument:
2nd Brigade - Carlin
1st Division - Davis
20th Corps - McCook

81st Regiment Indiana Infantry



Text on the rear of the monument:

Indiana's Tribute
to her
Eighty-First Regiment Infantry.
Second Brigade (Carlin)
First Division (Davis)
Twentieth Corps (McCook)


This Regiment left its position in the vicinity of Pond Springs September 19th, marched past Crawfish Springs, and about 2 P.M. took position where this monument stands. After a severe fight the enemy was repulsed, but again advanced with stronger force, the 81st retiring beyond the LaFayette Road. Finally the enemy fell back stubbornly, and the Regiment regained this position. At three o'clock on the morning of the twentieth, the Regiment was moved near to Widow Glenn’s. It was afterward ordered with its division to the right of Wood’s Division near the Brotherton. About eleven o'clock was desperately engaged, the enemy advancing in overwhelming numbers and breaking through the Union line, when the Regiment, with the rest of its division, was forced off the field.

Killed 4, wounded 60; missing 23; total 87




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-838(see note)
  LCS ID: 008804




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

9' x 6' x 15' high, the Indiana oolitic limestone monument has a 2-step rock-faced base and a smooth-faced inscribed shaft that incorporates bronze state seal. Projecting pyramidal cap supports stone cannonball and stone eagle.

Long Physical Description

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield in East Viniard Field, map site #251.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Limestone
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Bronze
Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1897
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 81st Regiment Indiana Infantry


Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
in Viniard’s Field on LaFayette Rd at Viniard-Alexander Rd in the Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 81st Indiana Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 5/11/2011 Lat34North visited it