9th Indiana Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.028 W 085° 15.667
16S E 658844 N 3865233
Quick Description: This monument to the 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment is located next to the Brotherton House, on the west side of Lafayette Rd at Brotherton Road, in the Chickamauga NMP.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 1/4/2012 12:25:30 PM
Waymark Code: WMDEN8
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument is dedicated to the 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment, in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863.


The Brotherton's Cabin


Text on front:
9th Regiment Indiana Infantry.
2nd Brigade – Hazen.
2nd Division – Palmer.
21st Corps – Crittenden.



Text on rear:
Indiana Tribute
To her
Ninth Regiment Infantry
Colonel Isaac C. B. Suman, Com’d’c’
Second Brigade (Hazen)
Second Division (Palmer)
Twenty First Corps (Crittenden).


September 19th. This regiment went into action near the Brock Field, about 2 P.M. and lost heavily; near 3:30 P.M. retired and refilled boxes in the vicinity of the Poe House; moved to this point, there confronted an advancing column of the enemy in overwhelming number and compelled it to pause; engaged it for 30 minutes and lost heavily (3 officers killed).

September 20th. At daylight in line at southeast corner of Kelly Field and held its line until 3:30 P.M. At Snodgrass Field assisted in repulsing Longstreet’s last assaults. Near dusk was sent to the right of Brannan’s Division, and after the capture of the three regiments on the right and some of its men. Fired upon the capturing force and held its position until 8 P.M. when it withdrew.



Commanding;
   Col. Isaac C. B. Suman
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 21st Corps

From the marker at the Brotherton’s Cabin:


Confederate Breakthrough
A sledgehammer like Confederate attack smashed the Union line


The decisive event of the Battle of Chickamauga occurred here on September 20, the second day of the battle. At 11:10 AM just after the last of General Wood´s Union division had pulled out of line behind you -- and before other Federal units moved north to fill the gap -- the Confederate army struck.

Eight brigades about (11,000 men) of Longstreet Confederate left wing swept across the La Fayette Road in front of you and charged a thin line of Federal skirmishers just behind you the edge of the woods. The attack surprise the Federal divisions of Wood, Davis, and Sheridan who were in motion and unprepared to fight.

So overwhelming was the assault that nearly one-third of the Union army was driven from the field, including its commander General Rosecrans. Remnants of shattered Federal units tried to check the Confederate advance, but without success. The Confederates now had an opportunity to surround and destroy the Union Army.



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-772(see note)
  LCS ID: 008806




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

9'4" x 6' x 12'9", the monument is a squat, smooth-faced obelisk set on a stepped base. Shaft has an inscription and incorporates a bronze state seal at the top.



Long Physical Description

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield in Brotherton Field, map site #195.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Bronze
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Granite


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1897
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
next to the Brotherton House, on the west side of Lafayette Rd at Brotherton Road, in the Chickamauga NMP.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 5/4/2011 Lat34North visited it