Wurzburg Residence and Court Gardens - Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member manchanegra
N 49° 47.570 E 009° 56.250
32U E 567475 N 5516018
Quick Description: The Würzburger Residenz is a palace in Würzburg, Germany inspired in the Versailles Palace.
Location: Bayern, Germany
Date Posted: 11/19/2011 2:02:06 AM
Waymark Code: WMD4TB
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 19

Long Description:
The Würzburger Residenz is a palace in Würzburg, Germany.
It was designed by the leading Baroque architect Balthasar Neumann to a commission from the prince bishop of Würzburg Johann Philipp Franz von Schönborn and his brother Friedrich Carl von Schönborn in 1720 and was completed in 1744. The Venetian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, assisted by his son, Domenico, painted frescos in the building. The most spectacular interiors include the grand staircase, the chapel and the grand salon, and was indeed dubbed the "nicest parsonage in Europe" by Napoleon. The Residenz was heavily damaged in World War II, and restoration has been in progress since 1945.

The prince bishops of Würzburg resided in the Fortress Marienberg until the early eighteenth century. Johann Philipp Franz von Schönborn (1791 - 1724) moved the court to a palace erected in 1701 - 1704, the predecessor of the Residence. But the rather small palace did not measure up to Johann Philipp Franz's position as an absolute monarch. Since he had won a sum of fl. 600,000 (a fortune at the time) in a court case in the year of his accession, there was nothing to stop him from undertaking a building that would proclaim to all his standing in the world. In this, he was eagerly supported by two relatives, his uncle the prince archbishop and elector of Mainz, Lothar Franz von Schönborn (who confessed to have been possessed by a "Bauwurmb", a building bug) and his brother Friedrich Carl von Schönborn, reformer of the Imperial Chancery in Vienna. Both supplied ideas and, crucially, artists from their circles.

The Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981. According to the Advisory Body Evaluation, the inclusion in the List was a "measure [...] so clearly desirable that the proposal of the Federal Republic of Germany does not require lengthy justification[.] The Residence is at once the most homogenous and the most extraordinary of the Baroque palaces[.] It represents a unique artistic realization by virtue of its ambitious program, the originality of creative spirit and the international character of its workshop."

From Würzburg Tourism

The Book Wurzburg Residence and Court Gardens is about the History behind the building and gardens construction.
It was published by Bayerische in 2003.
ISBN Number: B000VBAHS8

Author(s): Et al Bachmann

Visit Instructions:
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Bianka11 visited Wurzburg Residence and Court Gardens  -  Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany 10/3/2013 Bianka11 visited it
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Lupo 512 visited Wurzburg Residence and Court Gardens  -  Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany 10/9/2012 Lupo 512 visited it
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Team Cobra JJ visited Wurzburg Residence and Court Gardens  -  Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany 9/3/2010 Team Cobra JJ visited it
DD Drix visited Wurzburg Residence and Court Gardens  -  Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany 5/4/2010 DD Drix visited it

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