4th Kentucky Infantry Regiment (CSA) Marker - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 56.040 W 085° 15.263
16S E 659426 N 3867114
Quick Description: This marker to the 4th Kentucky Infantry Regiment (CSA) is located on the north side Alexander Bridge Rd. in the Chickamauga NMP, east of the 1st Confederate Georgia, 2nd Batl. Infantry Marker.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 9/17/2011 12:46:10 PM
Waymark Code: WMCKHC
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 1

Long Description:
This marker is dedicated to the 4th Kentucky Infantry Regiment (CSA) is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863.

Kentucky in the American Civil War was a border state and officially neutral at the beginning of the war. Units from Kentucky served in both the Union and Confederate Armies. A marker to the 15th Kentucky Infantry Regiment (US Vols) is located on the oppestit side of Alexander Bridge Rd.

Text:

4th
Kentucky
Inf. C.S.A.


From the marker located across the road at tour stop #2.


The second day begins
Morning brought repeated attacks on the Union breastworks here


By the morning of September 20, 1863, Gen. Braxton Bragg had organized his Confederate army into two wings -- Longstreet on the left and Polk´s here on the right. Bragg ordered Polk to attack at dawn. However, the attack was delayed, in the Federals used the first critical hours of daylight to strengthen their log breastworks.

Finally, at 9:30 a.m. Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge´s Confederate Division struck the Union breastworks at this point. Other Confederate units joined them as the attack spread southward along the line of monuments behind you. The pressure of these attacks forced Union commander Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans to move men from his center to stop the attack here on his left.

About noon the futile and costly Confederate charges ended, not be resumed until late afternoon. The federals stood firm behind their log wall, awaiting the outcome of the fighting still raging south of here.


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1325(see note)
  LCS ID: 008992




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

1'8" x 1'2" x 3'2" high, marker is a single block of granite, rock-faced at bottom and finished above, with a slanting top inscribed with "Kentucky" within a scroll and the unit's name.


Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite



Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1899
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP Narrative
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Confederate Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 4th Kentucky Infantry Regiment (CSA)



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located on the north side Alexander Bridge Rd. behind (east) of the 1st Confederate Georgia, 2nd Batl. Infantry Marker in the Chickamauga National Military Park, near tour stop 2.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Other (Please explain in the Private Message field)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Lat34North visited 4th Kentucky Infantry Regiment (CSA) Marker - Chickamauga National Military Park 2/23/2011 Lat34North visited it