4th Ohio Cavalry Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield.
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.487 W 085° 16.411
16S E 657728 N 3864213
Quick Description: The 4th Ohio Cavalry Monument is located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park. The monuments to the 1st, 3rd and 4th Ohio Cavalry Monument are located close to each other.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 9/4/2011 12:07:41 PM
Waymark Code: WMCG9K
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument to the 4th Ohio Cavalry depicts a Cavalryman on hourseback charging, his left hand holds the reins. He holds his sword in his right hand which is raised above his head. There are two bronze plaques in the top corners of the monument. The left one is the Ohio state seal, the right hand one is the symbol for the 4th Calvary. A plaque on the rear of the monument description the actions of the 4th during the Chickamauga campaign.

From plaque on the rear of the monument:

The 4th Cavalry was organized by Col. John Kennett, Its first commander in 1861, for three years. Commanded at Chickamauga by Lieut. Col. Oliver P. Robie; participated in all the fighting of Col. Eli Long's Brigade of Crooks Division, at the Chickamauga Fords and above Crawfish Springs, south and east of this point. Loss, killed 4: wounded 9: captured or missing 21: total 34.


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-945 (see note)
  LCS ID: 003117




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
10/15/1966

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

9' x 3' x 8', monument has beveled base supporting smooth-faced shaft w/ peaked top. On face is relief of charging cavalryman with saber drawn, bronze state seal, & bronze unit medallion. Base has raised letter inscription. Moved 431' for road re-rout.


Long Physical Description

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield near the Wider Brigade Monument, map site #236

This monument has been moved twice. First in 1966, in advance of a highway project that never happened, the monument was moved 431 feet. Then in 2002, the monument was returned to its original location.

Volume:

1 - 2,000 cubic feet

Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Limestone
2. 
Substructure
Bronze
3. 
Superstructure
Granite



Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Niehaus, C. H.
Sculptor
2. 
Moved
1966
AD
 
 
 

 
3. 
Moved
2002
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP Narrative
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. Wikipedia - 4th Ohio Cavalry



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Other (Please explain in the Private Message field)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 4th Ohio Cavalry Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield. 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it