13th Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.928 W 085° 15.542
16S E 659037 N 3865051
Quick Description: This monument to the 13th Ohio Infantry Regiment is located along a hiking path in the Chickamauga NBP. This tail parallels and is east of Lafayette Rd. The monument is south of the Brotherton Rd. Access (N 34 55.107 W 85 15.486).
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 8/2/2011 10:48:49 AM
Waymark Code: WMC70Z
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 1

Long Description:
This monument to the 13th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 13th OVI) Regiment is located along a hiking path in the Chickamauga National Battlefield. This tail parallels and is east of Lafayette Rd. The monument is south of the Brotherton Rd. Access (N34 55.107 W85 15.486 - near the 105th Ohio marker) and parking (N34 55.117 W85 15.334) are available on Broterton Rd.

This monument to the 13th Ohio Infantry Regiment is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863.

A line of soldiers fight in the woods. In the foreground one soldier lies on the ground, his cap is missing. A second soldier stands next to him, behind a tree, and fires toward the enemy. A third soldier is loading his rifle. Other soldiers can be seen in the background in various fighting positions. Behind the line, a soldier has grabbed the rains of a hoarse. The soldier on the horse is leaning backwards, is bearded, and has lost his cap.



Text on the front of the monument:

13th Ohio Infantry
Dick’s Brigade, Van Cleve’s Division
21st Army Corps.


Text on the rear of the monument:

This regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Elhannon M. Mast commanding, became heavily engaged in this position about 3:00 P.M. September 19th, 1863, about 4:30 P.M. being simultaneously assailed in front and on the right flank, it was forced to retire and rallied on the ridge west of the road. It was soon again forced to retire and reformed on hill west of the Crawfish Springs Road, Lieutenant Colonel Mast being killed in Major Snider wounded, the command devolved thereafter on Captain Cosgrove.

September 20th, 1863, about 12:00 M. the regiment was broken. About 100 men under Captain Cosgrove with the colors, afterward rallied in fought till the close of the battle, on the hill to the south-west of the Snodgrass House.


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-962 (see note)
  LCS ID: 003119




Historical Significance:


  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
10/15/1966

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7'6" x 3'6" x 8'6", monument has double-slab rock-faced base supporting smooth-faced block that frames a bronze relief tableau depicting a battle scene. Bronze state seal on rear. Located 400' east of Brotherton Field.


Long Physical Description

Monument is located within the Chickamauga Battlefield in the woods along the horse trail south of Brotherton Road, map site #225.



Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Niehaus, C. H.
Sculptor
2. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Power, Maurice J
Sculptor
3. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Harder, J. F.
Architect


My Sources
1. NRHP Narrative
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. Wikipedia - 13th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 13th OVI)
4. SIRIS - 13th Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument


Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located along a hiking path in the Chickamauga NBP. This tail parallels and is east of Lafayette Rd. The monument is south of the Brotherton Rd. Access (N 34 55.107 W 85 15.486).


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Lat34North visited 13th Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 5/25/2011 Lat34North visited it