St. James' Church / Kostel sv. Jakuba - Brno, Czech Republic
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member vraatja
N 49° 11.795 E 016° 36.490
33U E 617159 N 5450554
Quick Description: Unusually beautiful Gothic church constructed on the original Romanesque church foundations with 94 meters high Bell Tower.
Location: Jihočeský kraj, Czechia
Date Posted: 3/31/2011 10:05:51 AM
Waymark Code: WMB3HW
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member scrambler390
Views: 103

Long Description:
EN

Saint James church was formerly Romanic church. It was founded in 1201-1222. The church held parochial rights over the non-Slav population arriving in Brno during the period of colonisation from the German countries and Flanders.In the end of the 14th century it was replaced by a new building of cathedral type in a late Gothic style with a high gallery. In the middle of the 14th century a churchyard started to develop here. In 1473 the choir, the sacristy and the winding staircase were finished. The eastern section of the choir was decorated with Parler¨s fan vaulting. Antonin Pilgram started to build the northern nave with the portal in 1502. The church suffered fire damage in 1515. The work continued since 1530, the lower part of tower with staircase was built. It was roofed in 1592.

During the Thirty Years' War the church wasn't damaged noticeably. In the altar gallery there is the mausoleum of the Brno defender during the Swedish siege Ludvík Raduit de Souches.
In the baroque the church was new roofed, the side wooden altars were replaced by marble ones. These are decorated with the statues by Ondrej Schweigel and with the paintings by František Vavrinec Korompay, Josef Ignác Sattler und Josef Stern. Next you can find a woodcut of the crucified Christ (the end of the 13th century), a stone relief the Mourning over Christ (1518) and the Crucifixion (1519) on the walls in the interior.
In 1784 the churchyard was closed down. The church was restored according to the project of Heinrich Ferstel. By the purism adaptations in the 70-ies of the 19th century were some buildings in the perimeter of the church abolished and the western face was rebuilt.

It is a hall building with three-aisles and a gallery around the sacrarium and triangular ending. The prismatic tower in the face is 92 meters high and it is a dominant of the old town. In the three-aisles are semicular vaults with segments, in the vestry is a cross vault and in the sacrarium a star vault. At the end of the sacrarium's gallery was placed a mausoleum of Louis Raduite de Souches from the last quarter of the 17th century with a sculpture.


CZ

Výrazná stavba uprostred mesta dosvedcuje sebevedomí Brnanu i jejich obetavosti pri budování dustojného stánku Božího, který by byl stabilní soucástí jejich sveta a mesta. Na klenbe presbytáre nacházíme malovaný erb abatyše oslavanského kláštera cisterciacek s datem roku 1220. Tento letopocet pripomíná vysvecení puvodního kostela svatého Jakuba, který byl menší, románský a predcházel na tomto míste dnešní stavbu, ale z nehož se nic nezachovalo. V dobe svého založení byl kostel urcen hlavne pro nemecké obyvatelstvo, které se usadilo kolem dnešní Behounské ulice.

Stavba kostela, v podobe, v jaké jej s urcitými zmenami známe až dodnes, zacala již pred Husitskými válkami, pricemž ale stavba pokrocila pouze k postavení chórové cásti, pilíru a obvodových zdí. Od roku 1502 zacal na stavbe kostela pracovat stavitel Anton Pilgram, který založil severní lod s portálem. Zastrešení bylo provedeno patrne ješte pred rokem 1530. Stavba kostelní veže zapocala ve 20. letech 16. století, v roce 1592 byla A. Gabrim zvýšena o cást s hodinami a dokoncení provedl Šimon Tauch, který na vež nasadil renesancní helmici. Výška veže je 92 metru. Behem tricetileté války nebyl kostel nijak poškozen a nevznikla tedy nutnost kostel prestavovat - díky cemuž zustala zachována jeho, prevážne pozdne gotická, podoba. Hrbitov, který se kolem kostela nacházel, byl kolem roku 1784 zrušen a spolu s ním postupne zanikl i komplex výše zmínených kaplí. Kostel nebyl dotcen ani barokizací. V letech 1900-1901 vznikla u kostela novogotická fara navržená Aloisem Prastorfem a Germanem Wanderleym.
Type of Church: Church

Status of Building: Actively in use for worship

Dominant Architectural Style: Gothic

Archdiocese: Archdiocese of Prague - Arcibiskupství Pražské

Diocese: Diocese of Brno / Biskupství brněnské

Address/Location:
Římskokatolická farnost u kostela svatého Jakuba
Jakubská 11
Brno , Czech Republic
602 00


Relvant Web Site: [Web Link]

Date of organization: Not listed

Date of building construction: Not listed

Associated Shrines, Art, etc.: Not listed

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