Gettysburg National Cemetery - Gettysburg, PA
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
N 39° 49.297 W 077° 13.803
18S E 309140 N 4410338
Quick Description: Out of necessity & posterity, the Gettysburg Nat'l Cemetery was created. Today it is a must see location to fully appreciate & understand American History. The site is electric & if you listen closely, you might still hear Lincoln..."Four Score..."
Location: Pennsylvania, United States
Date Posted: 9/10/2010 9:54:01 PM
Waymark Code: WM9NTD
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Turtle3863
Views: 39

Long Description:

It was here on a chilly November afternoon in November of 1863, only a few months after the Great Battle, that Lincoln delivered his "few, appropriate remarks", thus making this cemetery the epitome of Civil War sites and thus was born the legend of the Gettysburg Address.

Lincoln came to help dedicated this hallowed ground but the story of how he came here is an interesting one. A major problem with war, especially a bloody and horrible one is where to put the bodies. After Gettysburg, stacks and stacks of bodies were hastily buried and some not even at all. The governor and local officials were deeply troubled by this to the point where they took action and used the space across from the battlefield to re-inter the dead, which they did over a period of several months. Before the work was finished, Lincoln came, the cemetery was dedicated and the Gettysburg Address became history.

A sign of history located at the main gate, just inside and to the right of the main walkway tells the story:

Soldier's National Cemetery contains the graves of more than 6,000 United States servicemen, including 3,580 Union soldiers killed in the Civil War. Nearly half the Civil War burials are unknown soldiers.

A few days after the battle, Andrew Curtin, Governor of Pennsylvania, visited Gettysburg and was deeply moved by what he saw. Bodies of soldiers had been hurriedly buried on the battlefield, and some had not been buried at all. Curtin and representatives of Northern states took steps to create a national cemetery. Beginning in October 1863, bodies were carefully removed from the field and re-interred here. The work took five months.

On November 19, 1863, before the burials were completed, government officials, battle veterans, and citizens assembled to dedicate the cemetery. Near the end of the ceremonies, the President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, offered a few remarks - his Gettysburg Address.

From my pals at Wikipedia: Gettysburg National Cemetery is located on Cemetery Hill in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Shortly after the Battle of Gettysburg, with the support of Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin, the site was purchased and Union dead were moved from shallow and inadequate burial sites on the battlefield to the cemetery. Local attorney David Wills was the man primarily responsible for acquiring the land, overseeing the construction of the cemetery, and planning its dedication ceremony, although the initial concept and early organizational efforts were led by rival lawyer David McConaughy. The landscape architect William Saunders, founder of the National Grange, designed the cemetery. It was originally called Soldiers' National Cemetery at Gettysburg.

Related Website: [Web Link]

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