Catholic Martyrs - Bayswater Road, London, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Master Mariner
N 51° 30.776 W 000° 09.818
30U E 696806 N 5710681
Quick Description: This City of Westminster green plaque is attached to the Tyburn Convent on the north west side of Bayswater Road. It tells of 105 catholic martyrs that lost thie lives at Tyburn Gallows.
Location: London, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 9/22/2014 2:04:43 AM
Waymark Code: WMMHAQ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member bill&ben
Views: 0

Long Description:

The City of Westminster green plaque tells us:

City of Westminster

Catholic Martyrs
lost their lives
at the
Tyburn Gallows
near this site
1535 - 1681

The Friends of Tyburn 1998

The Tyburn Convent website tells us about Tyburn:

Tyburn's first recorded execution took place in 1196, when William FitzOsbert, or William with the Beard, was hanged for sedition. Ralph of Diceto tells us that William "his hands tied behind him, his feet tied with long cords, was drawn by means of a horse through the midst of the city to the gallows near the Tyburn. He was hanged."

The Elms near Tybourne were called "the King's Gallows". Thus Tyburn from the beginning was clearly the King's gallows for London and Middlesex criminals. That it was placed outside the boundary of the city indicates the administration of the criminal law by the King's courts instead of by the local or manorial courts. The manner of execution at Tyburn seen in William FitzOsbert's execution was to become the norm later.

That is, the condemned criminal, after being drawn to Tyburn on a hurdle or rough sledge by a horse, at Tyburn was first hanged on the gallows, then drawn or disemboweled, and finally quartered, his quarters being placed high in public places as a warning to others. Thus, because Tyburn was the King's Gallows, those who were guilty of Treason were Hanged, Drawn and Quartered on this spot.

Some say that over fifty thousand persons met their death at Tyburn during the six centuries it was a place of execution.

Among these are numbered:

  • Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, 1330
  • Perkin Warbeck, 1496
  • Elizabeth Barton, the "Holy Maid of Kent", 1534
  • Claude Duval, 1670
  • Jack Sheppard, 1724
  • Jonathan Wild, 1725
  • Earl Ferrers, 1760
  • Mrs Brownrigg, 1767
  • Dr Dodd, 1777

To this list we must add in 1661 the lifeless bodies of Cromwell, Ireton and Bradshaw were exposed at Tyburn and beheaded. The 105 Roman Catholic Reformation Martyrs are not given here. The executions at Tyburn provided London's most popular and frightful sideshow. The ritual cruelties and indecencies practised here thrilled and corrupted every class of society. Along with criminals, saints and martyrs were butchered on Tyburn Tree.

Blue Plaque managing agency: City of Westminster

Individual Recognized: Catholic Martyrs

Physical Address:
8 Hyde Park Place
Bayswater Road
London, United Kingdom
W2 2LJ

Web Address: [Web Link]

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