Windsor Castle -- Pipe Spring National Monument, Kaibab AZ
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Benchmark Blasterz
N 36° 51.791 W 112° 44.373
12S E 344938 N 4081107
Quick Description: Unique spring house incorporated as part of the Windsor Castle fort, which was built as a Mormon pioneer outpost in the late 1860s.
Location: Arizona, United States
Date Posted: 8/26/2014 8:02:14 PM
Waymark Code: WMMBGB
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 2

Long Description:
When the Mormon pioneers settled in this area, then (and now) part of Paiute lands, they chose this area because of the natural spring that had nourished and supported human life and Ancient Puebloan agriculture for 1000 years.

For their own safety, the Mormon pioneers built a large fort over the spring, harnessing its flow and running the water through a pipe from into a trough in the spring room. Water from the spring flows through the pipe, through the trough, and out the end if the trough back to the spring-fed pond. The pioneers also kept perishable food they grew in hardens in this unique spring house.

From Wikipedia: (visit link)

"Pipe Spring National Monument is a United States National Monument located in the U.S. state of Arizona, and is rich with American Indian, early explorer, and Mormon pioneer history. Administered by the National Park Service, Pipe Spring was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966, and the boundaries of the Pipe Spring National Monument Historic District (a portion of the monument) were expanded in October 2000.

The water of Pipe Spring has made it possible for plants, animals, and people to live in this dry desert region. Ancestral Puebloans and Kaibab Paiute Indians gathered grass seeds, hunted animals, and raised crops near the springs for at least 1,000 years.

Pipe Springs was discovered and named by the 1858 Latter-day Saint missionary expedition to the Hopi mesas led by Jacob Hamblin. In the 1860s Mormon pioneers from St. George, Utah, led by James M. Whitmore brought cattle to the area and a large cattle ranching operation was established. In 1866 the Apache, Navajo and Paiute tribes of the region joined the Utes for the Black Hawk War, and, after they raided Pipe Spring, a protective fort was constructed by 1872 over the main spring. The following year the fort and ranch was purchased by Brigham Young for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). The LDS Bishop of near-by Grafton, Utah, Anson Perry Winsor, was hired to operate the ranch and maintain the fort, soon called Winsor Castle. This isolated outpost served as a way station for people traveling across the Arizona Strip, that part of Arizona separated from the rest of the state by the Grand Canyon. It also served as a refuge for polygamist wives during the 1880s and 1890s. The LDS Church lost ownership of the property through penalties involved in the federal Edmunds-Tucker Act of 1887.

Although their way of life was greatly impacted by Mormon settlement, the Paiute Indians continued to live in the area and by 1907 the Kaibab Paiute Indian Reservation was established, surrounding the privately owned Pipe Spring ranch.

In 1923 the Pipe Spring ranch was purchased and set aside as a national monument to be memorial of western pioneer life. Today the Pipe Spring National Monument, Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians Visitor Center, and Museum explain the human history of the area over time. Daily tours of Winsor Castle, summer "living history" demonstrations, an orchard and garden, and a half-mile trail offer a glimpse of American Indian and pioneer life in the Old West. The Paiute tribe runs a small adjoining campground."
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Benchmark Blasterz visited Windsor Castle -- Pipe Spring National Monument, Kaibab AZ 8/29/2014 Benchmark Blasterz visited it