Francois Guizot - Pelham Crescent, London, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Master Mariner
N 51° 29.557 W 000° 10.276
30U E 696363 N 5708402
Quick Description: This blue plaque is on a house on the western side of Pelham Crescent.
Location: London, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 8/5/2012 12:52:13 AM
Waymark Code: WMF12X
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member miatabug
Views: 0

Long Description:

This blue plaque, that is in excellent condition, reads:

 


English Heritage

Francois
Guizot
1787 - 1874
French Politician
and historian
lived here
1848 - 1849
 

 

The Dromo's Den website (visit link) tells us that:

"GUIZOT, FRANÇOIS PIERRE GUILLAUME (1787-1874). A distinguished French historian and statesman, born at Nimes, Oct. 4, 1787, of Protestant parents. His father was an advocate of liberal views, was guillotined during the Reign of Terror (April 8, 1794) , and his mother soon afterward went with her two sons to Geneva, where young Guizot received his education. In 1805 he went to Paris to study law, but instead devoted himself to literature. His first work, the Nouveau dictionnaire universel des synonymes de la langue française, appeared in 1809 and was quickly followed by an essay on the fine arts and a translation of Gibbon. In 1812 he married Mademoiselle de Meulan, who was the editor of Le Publiciste, and 14 years his senior. In the same year he became a professor of history at the Sorbonne. After the Restoration he became General Secretary in the Ministry of the Interior and subsequently Secretary in the Ministry of Justice. Guizot contributed to the dissolution of the Chambre Introuvable (q.v.) by a memorial which was placed in the hands of Louis XVIII by Decazes. The latter committed to him the general direction of the administration of the communes and departments (1819). Guizot then attached himself to the Constitutional party, whose leaders were subsequently known as doctrinaires (q.v.), expounding its principles in his essay, Des moyens de gouvernement et d'opposition dans l'etat actuel de la France (1821) . In 1821-22 he published his Histoire des origines du gouvernement représentatif, containing his lectures at the Sorbonne. Owing to his attacks on the Villèle ministry, Guizot lost his official position and for a number of years devoted himself to literary work. His Histoire de la révolution d'Angleterre appeared in 1827, and he edited the Encyclopédie Progressive and the Revue Française, which he established in 1828. His first wife having died (1827), he married her niece. In 1829 the Martignac ministry granted him permission to resume his lectures on history. They were attended by large and enthusiastic audiences and gave rise to several historical works of great value, published under the collective titles of Cours d'histoire moderne (1828-30), which included the Histoire de la civilisation en France and the Histoire générale de la civilisation en Europe. In January, 1530, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies from Lisieux and sided with the opposition, vigorously attacking the Polignac ministry. After acting as Minister of Education in the provisional government which succeeded the overthrow of the Bourbons, he was made Minister of the Interior (Aug. 11, 1830), but resigned in November. He was Minister of Public Instruction in the cabinet formed by Soult in 1832 and held that position, with a brief interval, until 1837. In this capacity he did much for the improvement of educational institutions, particularly for the primary schools. During the Oriental crisis of 1840 arising from the ambitions of Mehemet Ali (q.v.) of Egypt, Guizot was sent as Ambassador to London, where he met with a cordial reception and returned to France in October of the same year, on the resignation of the Thiers ministry, to become Minister of Foreign Affairs and the chief of Louis Philippe's supporters, as the virtual head of the Soult ministry. After Soult's retirement, in September, 1847, he became the official head of the cabinet, which, however, although Guizot by his conduct, both in home and foreign affairs, had done all that was possible to make constitutional government a success in France, could not much longer retain its hold upon the people. He was bitterly opposed to universal suffrage, believing that extreme democracy would lead to tyranny. In many ways he was an ideal representative of the Liberal middle class which governed France in the reign of Louis Philippe. When the latter was overthrown in 1848, Guizot escaped from Paris to London. In April, 1849, he published a circular in which he offered his services to the electors of France. He returned to France in November, 1849, but was defeated as a candidate for the Chamber. The coup d'etat of Dec. 2, 1851, put an end to his political career. The rest of his life was passed in retirement and was devoted to historical and literary work. He lived to see many changes in France and died, at the age of 87, at his villa in Val-Richer, Sept. 13, 1874. By founding the Comités historiques, by bringing about the publication of important historical documents, and by his own writings and lectures, Guizot did much for historical study in France. A work on Washington, published under the title Vie, correspondauce et écrits de Washington (Paris, 1839-40), procured him the honor of having his portrait placed in the Chamber of Representatives at Washington. Of Guizot's numerous works the most important, in addition to those already mentioned, are: De la démocratie en France (1849); Etudes biographiques sur la révolution d'Angleterre (1851); Etudes sur les beaux-arts (1851); Corneille et son temps (1852); Shakespeare et son temps (1852); Histoire de la république d'Augleterre et d'Oliver Cromwell (1854); L'Amour dans le mariage (1855); Histoire parlementaire de France (1863); Méditations sur la religion chrétienne dans ses rapports avec l'etat actuel des soeiétés (1865-68); Mélanges biographiques et littéraires (1868) ; Mélanges politiques et historiques (1869). For the life of Guizot, the most valuable materials are his own Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire de mon temps (Paris, 1858-65; Eng. trans., London, 1858-62)."

Blue Plaque managing agency: English Heritage

Individual Recognized: Francois Guizot

Physical Address:
21 Pelham Crescent
London, United Kingdom


Web Address: [Web Link]

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