Detachment of 31st Ohio Infantry Regiment Marker - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.670 W 085° 16.100
16S E 658164 N 3866408
Quick Description: The Detachment 31st Ohio Infantry Regiment marker is located on Snodgrass Hill at the Chickamauga National Battlefield. The Detachment 31st Ohio occupied this position on the afternoon of Sunday Sept. 20, 1863.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 4/18/2012 12:30:19 PM
Waymark Code: WME8J4
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:
This marker is dedicated to 31st Ohio Volunteer Infantry in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 31st Ohio Infantry was organized at Camp Chase in Columbus, Ohio and mustered in on August 4, 1861. This is one of three markers to the 31st Ohio Infantry on the battlefield. It marks their location at from 1:00 PM to 7:30 P.M. on Sept. 20, 1863.


Detachment of 31st Ohio Infantry Regiment Marker


Text on the front of the monument:
Detachment of
31st Regiment
Ohio Infantry Regiment,
Connell’s
Brigade.
1:00 PM to
7:30 P.M.
September 20,
1863



The monument to the 31st Ohio Infantry located on Poe Road provides the folloing information:
31st Regiment Ohio Infantry


Sept. 19th, 1863, about 10 A.M. this Regiment, Lieut. Col. Frederick W. Lister commanding, was sent to reinforce Croxton’s Brigade, then engaged near Jay's Mill, and went into action on the left of the brigade. It afterward about 11:00 AM took part in the recapture of the 4th Indiana battery, and continued in action till about 2:00 PM.

Sept. 20th, occupy this position till about 12:00 M., when the enemy penetrated our lines to the right of this position, and the regiment was broken and forced to retire. The attachments of the regiment under Captains J.A. Cahill and J.H. McCune, and Lieutenants Eli Wilkins, A.S. Scott and J.J. Miller were rallied and fought on Snodgrass Hill until the close of the battle.

Lose, killed 13; wounded 134; captured or missing 22.





From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-983
  LCS ID: 003079




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

A 1'6" 1'6" x 3' high granite obelisk with a raised letter inscription. Marks regiment's position east of Snodgrass Hill on September 20, 1863, from 1:00 to 7:30 p.m.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 31st Ohio Volunteer Infantry
5. waymark - 31st Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument
Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
marker is located on Snodgrass Hill at the end of the road in the Chickamauga National Battlefield.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited Detachment of 31st Ohio Infantry Regiment Marker - Chickamauga National Battlefield 4/13/2011 Lat34North visited it