Scotland Yard - Whitehall Place, London, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Master Mariner
N 51° 30.354 W 000° 07.565
30U E 699441 N 5710001
Quick Description: First headquarters of the Metropolitan police.
Location: London, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 8/10/2011 7:32:06 AM
Waymark Code: WMC8ZX
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Touchstone
Views: 13

Long Description:
The plaque reads:
On the outer edge:
"Greater London Council"
In the centre:
"Site of / Scotland / Yard / First headquarters / of the / Metrepolitan / Police / 1829-1890"

The plaque was placed in 1979.


In 1829, when Sir Robert Peel was Home Secretary, the first Metropolitan Police Act was passed and the Metropolitan Police Force was established. This new force superseded the local Watch in the London area but the City of London was not covered. Even within the Metropolitan Police District there still remained certain police establishments, organised during the eighteenth century, outside the control of the Metropolitan Police Office, viz:-

The Bow Street Patrols, mounted and foot, the latter commonly called the "Bow Street runners".
Police Office constables attached to the offices of, and under the control of, the Magistrates.
The Marine or River Police.

The task of organising and designing the "New Police" was placed in the hands of Colonel Charles Rowan and Richard Mayne (later Sir Richard Mayne}. These two Commissioners occupied a private house at 4, Whitehall Place, the back of which opened on to a courtyard. The back premises of 4 Whitehall Place were used as a police station. It was this address that led to the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police being known as Scotland Yard. The exact origin of the name is not clear and the following two stories have both gained credence at various times:

It is said the location had been the site of a residence owned by the Kings of Scotland before the Union and used and occupied by them and/or their ambassadors when in London, and known as '"Scotland". The courtyard was later used by Sir Christopher Wren and known as "Scotland Yard".
Number 4 Whitehall Place backed onto a court called Great Scotland Yard, one of three streets incorporating the words "Scotland Yard" in its name. The street names are said to have derived from the land being owned by a man called Scott during the Middle Ages.

By 1887 the Police HQ embraced numbers 3, 4, 5, 21 and 22 Whitehall Place, numbers 8 and 9 Great Scotland Yard, numbers 1, 2 and 3 Palace Place and various stables and outbuildings as well as a freestanding building in the centre of the Yard that had successively held stores, the Public Carriage Office and the CID offices.

police boatThese headquarters were removed in 1890 to premises on the Victoria Embankment designed by Richard Norman Shaw and became known as New Scotland Yard. In 1967, because of the need for a larger and more modern headquarters, a further move took place to the present site at Broadway, S.W.1, which is also known as New Scotland Yard.

Text source: (visit link)
Blue Plaque managing agency: Greater London Council

Individual Recognized: First Headquarters of the Metropolitan Police

Physical Address:
3 Whitehall Place
London, United Kingdom

Web Address: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Nik2000 visited Scotland Yard - Whitehall Place, London, UK 9/7/2013 Nik2000 visited it
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