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Monarchs - Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II - Vienna, Austria
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member PISA-caching
N 48° 11.058 E 016° 18.070
33U E 596714 N 5337603
Quick Description: Joseph II (Joseph Benedikt Anton Michael Adam; 1741 – 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I.
Location: Wien, Austria
Date Posted: 4/21/2015 6:02:23 AM
Waymark Code: WMNQT8
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 0

Long Description:

[EN]

Joseph II (Joseph Benedikt Anton Michael Adam; 13 March 1741 - 20 February 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, and was the brother of Marie Antoinette. He was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the House of Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine (von Habsburg-Lothringen in German). Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism; however, his commitment to modernizing reforms subsequently engendered significant opposition, which eventually culminated in an ultimate failure to fully implement his programmes. He has been ranked, with Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia, as one of the three great Enlightenment monarchs. His policies are now known as Josephinism. He died with no sons and was succeeded by his younger brother, Leopold.

Source and further info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

 

[DE]

Joseph II. (ungarisch II. József, kroatisch Josip II., tschechisch Josef II.) Benedikt August Johann Anton Michael Adam (* 13. März 1741 in Wien; † 20. Februar 1790 ebenda), war ein Fürst aus dem Geschlecht Habsburg-Lothringen, Erzherzog im Erzherzogtum Österreich, wurde 1764 römisch-deutscher König und war von 1765 bis 1790 Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches, ab 1780 auch König von Böhmen, Kroatien und Ungarn.

Quelle und weitere Infos: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_II.

Monarch Ranking: Emperor / Empress

Proper Title and Name of Monarch: Joseph II. Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches

Country or Empire of Influence: Heiliges Römisches Reich

Website for additonal information: [Web Link]

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