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No.173 - Rotunda sw. Mikolaja i Wieza Piastowska / Rotunda of St. Nicholas and Piast Tower - Cieszyn, PL
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Dorcadion Team
N 49° 45.070 E 018° 37.542
34U E 328972 N 5513670
Quick Description: Polish TS No. 104 depicts Rotunda of St. Nicholas and Piast Tower (Rotunda sw. Mikolaja i Wieza Piastowska), two key historic landmarks of Castle Hill in Cieszyn.
Location: Śląskie, Poland
Date Posted: 4/10/2015 2:18:14 PM
Waymark Code: WMNNV3
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member pavlikVB
Views: 2

Long Description:

Polish TS No. 104 depicts Rotunda of St. Nicholas and Piast Tower (Rotunda sw. Mikolaja i Wieza Piastowska), two key historic landmarks of Castle Hill in Cieszyn.

Rotunda of St. Nicholas (Rotunda sw. Mikolaja) in Cieszyn, erected in the 11th century, is the first stone ecclesiastic building built in Silesia and one of the oldest Romanesque structures in Poland. Full name of the church is Rotunda sw. Mikolaja i Waclawa (Rotunda of Ss. Nicholas and Wenceslaus.) Rotunda consists of a circular ground-plan nave with easter semicircular apse connected by three steps. The west part of the nave includes a gallery supported on three column arcades (reconstructed in the mid-20th century). The gallery can be entered directly from the castle. Initially, the rotunda functioned as a Cieszyn Castle chapel, however, it also served the borough people. In the written sources, the rotunda is mentioned for the first time in 1223 as the St. Nicholas chapel. Currently, the depression that the rotunda is placed appeared as a result of strewing earth over the ages. Originally, the ground level on the castle hill was at the same level as the rotunda base. The regular Roman Catholic services are held only during the chapel' patron celebration - Day of St. Nicholas (December 6th), but rotunda is opened for visitors whole year from 9:00-17:00 as a part of Cieszyn Castle complex. The image of the Rotunda can be found on the reverse side of the current Polish 20 Zloty note.

The Piast Tower (Wieza Piastowska), the remains of the medieval Gothic Piast castle, is one of the oldest architectural treasures of Cieszyn Silesia. The Piast Tower was the place of final refuge in the event of the castle being seized. It could fulfil the function of watchtower, prison and living quarters. It is almost 29 m high, and after climbing its 121 steps you emerge onto a viewing terrace from which you can see a panorama of Cieszyn and Ceský Tešín and even mountain peaks. In the years 1976-1989 the tower underwent restoration. The crenellations were restored, the corner coats of arms were reconstructed and the observation terrace was built. Today it is an essential part of any sightseeing tour around Cieszyn. Tourist Stamps is available in Cieszynskie Centrum Informacji (Rynek 1) in city centre.

Where can you get this wooden stamp.: N 49° 44.897 E 018° 37.993

Opening Times:
Daily 9:00-17:00 (interior) 365/24 (exterior)


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