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the Council Oak - Council Grove Historic District - Council Grove, KS
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 38° 39.708 W 096° 29.053
14S E 718894 N 4282250
Quick Description: Traty signed in 1825 to help in creating the Santa Fe Trail
Location: Kansas, United States
Date Posted: 3/6/2015 4:20:14 AM
Waymark Code: WMNFHK
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 2

Long Description:

County of site: Morris County
Location of site: US 56 (Main St., city park, Council Grove
Date added to NRHP: 1963

Sign text:

AUGUST 10, 1825
Under this tree the treaty between the U.S. Commissioners and the Osage Indians was signed giving the right of way forever through their land establishing the Santa Fe Trail

Historic Marker text: The hunting grounds of the Kaw (Kansa) and Osage Indians were located here when Americans and Mexicans began hauling trade goods over the Santa Fe Trail in 1821.

In 1825, in response to traders and merchants who eagerly sought trade with Mexicans, the U.S. Congress authorized that a road be surveyed and marked from the western frontier of Missouri to New Mexico.

A council was held in this oak grove among U.S. Commissioner George C. Sibley; Pa-hu-ska (White Hair), head chief of the Great Osages; and Ca-he-ga-wa-ton-ega (Foolish Chief), head chief of the Little Osages. On August 10, 1825, they signed a treaty granting passage through Osage territory for citizens of the United States and Mexico in exchange for $800 in cash, plus ribbons, tobacco, calico, and other goods.

Sibley named the site "Council Grove." Traders continued to use the name when referring to the site, and later on, to the small settlement found here by 1847. The community grew, and the town was incorporated in 1865.

Three U.S. commissioners were assigned to survey and mark the road to Santa Fe and gain the consent of American Indians whose lands it crossed. Mountain man "Old Bill" Williams served as translator.

The Kaw (Kansa) Indians were hunting buffalo to the west when the treaty was signed. Sibley caught up with them at Turkey Creek (near present-day McPherson) and signed an identical treaty with them six days later.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Council Grove Historic District

Link to page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

US 56 (Main St.) @ Vine St. city park Council Grove, KS

How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Plaque on building (Photo in gallery)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): Not listed

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