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Bvt. Brigadier General Andrew Hickenlooper - Vicksburg National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
N 32° 21.527 W 090° 50.625
15S E 702892 N 3582249
Quick Description: Andrew Hickenlooper was breveted a Brigadier General on May 20, 1865. This statue is located to the west of the Illinois Monument to the northest corner of the circle parking for the Cemetery Road fortifications.
Location: Mississippi, United States
Date Posted: 12/22/2014 9:00:42 AM
Waymark Code: WMN3ZY
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 0

Long Description:
Captain Andrew Hickenlooper has this one monument on the Vicksburg Battlefield.

Although he was only twenty-four, he recruited what was known as Hickenlooper's Battery or the 5th Ohio Independent Battery, and joined Maj. Gen. John C. Fremont at Jefferson City, Missouri. In 1862, his battery was made a part of the Army of the Tennessee and took a distinguished part in the Battle of Shiloh. Hickenlooper managed to save four of his six guns after the initial Confederate attack. He later defended the famous Hornet's Nest in support of Benjamin M. Prentiss's division. For gallantry at Shiloh, he became commandant of artillery in Thomas J. McKean's division and later chief of staff of the XVII Corps.

During the Vicksburg Campaign, Brig. Gen. James McPherson wrote to Secretary of War Edwin Stanton that, as Hickenlooper's further promotion in the line of the artillery service was impossible, that he be given special consideration for promotion. Hickenlooper served through the Atlanta campaign as an engineer with distinguished honor and participated in Sherman's March to the Sea, and the advance through the Carolinas. He was endorsed for brigadier general by Generals William Sherman, Oliver O. Howard, and Ulysses S. Grant. On May 20, 1865, be became a brevet brigadier general.

This bronze monument is located to the west of the Illinois Monument to the northest corner of the circle parking for the Cemetery Road fortifications. The statue shows the Captain standing, right foot forward, sword unsheathed in his left hand with field glasses in his right.

Text on the front of the monument:

ANDREW HICKENLOOPER
Captain Fifth Ohio Battery
Chief Engineer, 17th Army Corps
March 29 - July 4, 1865
Located Approach and the Mines
at its head under the Confederate
Third Louisiana Redan were under
his personal direction
------
Given by his family




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: HS-009
  LCS ID: 007262




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
12/09/1977

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The Hickenlooper Statue contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criteria A & B because it represents the national movement among veterans and related groups to commemorate major Civil War battlefields and leaders.

Short Physical Description

Standing bronze sculpture on hammer-finished pedestal for total height of 20'. Pedestal has moldings at base and top and carries a bronze inscription tablet.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Substructure
Concrete
2. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Superstructure
Bronze


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1912
AD
 
 
Cooper, William
Sculptor


My Sources
1. Wikipedia - Andrew Hickenlooper
2. Wikipedia - Siege of Vicksburg
3. The Civil War Home - The Vicksburg Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. National Register Application - NRHP




Union or Confederacy: Union - North

General's Name: Andrew Hickenlooper

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