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Texas Memorial -- Vicksburg NMP, Vicksburg MS
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Benchmark Blasterz
N 32° 20.555 W 090° 51.395
15S E 701721 N 3580428
Quick Description: The Texas Memorial honors all Texans who served at Vicksburg. Texans saved the day for the Confederacy near here.
Location: Mississippi, United States
Date Posted: 9/19/2014 9:29:28 AM
Waymark Code: WMMGTP
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
Views: 2

Long Description:
The Texas Memorial stands near the spot where Texas saved the day for the Confederacy after the Union Army breached the Railroad Redoubt.

From the National Park Service: (visit link)

The Texas State Memorial is located on the south loop of Confederate Avenue at the Railroad Redoubt, tour stop 13, milepost 13.5, of the park tour road. It was constructed of Texas red granite and erected at a cost of $100,000. The memorial was dedicated on November 4, 1961, and completed during the winter of 1962-63.

The eleven steps leading to the main portion of the memorial honor Texas' sister states in the Confederacy. A live yucca plant, native to Texas and the southwestern United States, is a unique addition to the monument. The bronze statuary symbolizes all who served from Texas at Vicksburg and captures the spirit of the men who sealed the breach in the Confederate lines. The sculptor was Herring Coe, Lundgren and Maurer were the architects, and the Texas Granite Corporation was the contractor. The memorial lists all Texas units on the defensive line, in Johnston's Army, and in Walker's Texas Division.

Also from the National Park Service: (visit link)

Tour Stop 13 - Railroad Redoubt

The Railroad Redoubt was a Confederate fortification built to protect a vital entrance to the city — in this case the Southern Railroad of Mississippi.

On May 22, General Grant ordered a second major assault against the formidable Confederate positions. Union forces began their carefully planned attack with a fierce artillery bombardment, followed by the advance of the infantry.

Assault on Railroad Redoubt, May 22, 1863

Unlike other points along the Confederate defense line, the blue-clad soldiers found that the redoubt's southeast angle had been partially destroyed by the artillery bombardment. Union soldiers commanded by Sgt. Joseph E. Griffith of the 22d Iowa were able to exploit this brief breakthrough and quickly entered the redoubt in an attempt to storm the Confederate earthworks. The Confederates counterattacked and called up reinforcements. Waul's Texas Legion arrived to drive out the Federals and "seal the breach."

Although Union forces sustained heavy losses, Griffith managed to withdraw, taking a dozen prisoners with him. By evening, the Federals had returned to their lines. There were no further attacks on the Railroad Redoubt, and mining operations commenced. By the time of the surrender on July 4, 1863, approach trenches had reached the redoubt's outer ditch."

More details on the creation, symbolism, and dedication of the texas Memorial can be found at the Texas Historical Commission: (visit link)

"Texas Civil War Monuments

You may find the scope of Texas' military past surprising. When asked to name a military site in Texas, you might naturally remember the Alamo. But there's so much more. For example, the Battle of Palmito Ranch, the last land battle of the American Civil War, took place near Brownsville. Texas has a rich military history just waiting to be discovered.

Would you like to help? In September 2007, the Texas Historical Commission (THC) established the Texas Civil War Monuments Fund to continue the work begun in 1961by the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission and the Texas State Historical Survey Committee (the THC’s predecessor), to honor the contributions and sacrifices of Texas forces during the Civil War.

The First Monument: the Texas State Memorial at Vicksburg

In November 1961, the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission and the Texas State Historical Survey Committee initiated a commemorative series of granite monuments by dedicating the first and largest of the original Centennial monuments at the Vicksburg National Military Park (Mississippi). Over the next three and a half years, these two preservation-minded organizations placed Texas Civil War Monuments on battlefields across the nation, preserving the memories of the contributions made by our state’s military units during the Civil War. The initial goal of the THC’s Texas Civil War Monuments Fund was to honor Texas soldiers at two Kentucky battlefields: Rowletts Station (2008) and Richmond (2009). Thanks to continued support of the Fund, we have placed three additional monuments: Corinth, Mississippi in 2010, Gaines’ Mill, Virginia in 2012, and most recently, Second Manassas, Virginia dedicated on September 6, 2012."

Not all visitors to this memorial come to honor the courage and sacrifice of the Texans who fought here. From the Vicksburg Post: (visit link)

"RELIC HUNTERS TEAR UP PARK'S RAILROAD REDOUBT
Published Saturday May 27, 2007

Relic hunters stole America's heritage when they left more than 100 holes around the Texas Memorial in the Vicksburg National Military Park, Patty Montague said Friday as archaeologists began surveying the damage.

“The park is continually plagued by varying degrees of looting, digging and excavation,” Montague, the park's supervising ranger, said. “They're stealing America's heritage. This belongs to the American people.”

Archaeologists and historians with the National Park Service arrived from Florida to begin meticulously processing the crime scene, which extended west of the memorial near a Confederate marker to the Railroad Redoubt.

The Texas Memorial is on the south loop of Confederate Avenue at the Railroad Redoubt. It cost $100,000 to build and was dedicated on Nov. 4, 1961.

“It was the only fort penetrated by Union forces,” Montague said.

She said the vandalism was found about a week ago by Virginia Dubowy, the park's resource program manager, during a walk-through. Damage is estimated to be “tens of thousands of dollars,” Montague said. “We are very upset about this,” she said, pointing at an area east of the monument where it appeared the vandals concentrated their efforts. “We need the public's help in finding who did this, and we will be offering a reward” for information leading to the arrests and convictions of the suspects.

Under the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 (ARPA), it is against the law to excavate, remove, damage, alter or deface archaeological resources on federal or Indian land. It's also illegal to traffic materials or items found on such land.

“What these people did is a violation of ARPA,” Montague said. “This is classified as a felony, and we will work with the U.S. Attorney's Office. The park has a 100 percent conviction rate.”

Penalties for ARPA violators include being fined $20,000 and imprisoned two years. Subsequent convictions could result in $100,000 fines and five years in prison.

The relic hunters were looking for artifacts they could auction on Web sites, Montague said.

“They're selling them or keeping them for their private collections. You can go on eBay and find stuff from Vicksburg, which fetches a pretty penny.

For the artifact snatchers, vandalizing federal land is “a hobby,” the ranger said.

“It's their main line of business. Our mission at the National Park Service is to preserve generations of history, and things like this make it very difficult for us to do that.”

The most noted vandalism at the park came in November 2003 when Mark Vincent Peterson, then 33, was accused of spray painting 11 monuments. Reports of vandalism found Nov. 20-23 included 12 locations inside the park's boundaries and nine outside.

Six churches, a Jewish temple, an outdoor city restroom at Riverfront Park and the military park's North Carolina monument on Confederate Avenue were vandalized. The spray painted messages read: “Jesus is coming. Repent y'all.”

Peterson was taken into custody Nov. 25 at Navy Circle, off Washington Street near the Mississippi River bridges. He was indicted by a federal grand jury in March 2004.

After two years of confinement at a mental health facility within the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, Peterson was released to his parents by U.S. District Judge David Bramlette III.

Under state and federal laws, a person who is mentally incompetent when a law is broken cannot be held responsible.

Before that, in 2001, then-27-year-old Charles W. Morfin of Los Angeles faced a possible one-year prison sentence and $100,000 in fines for taking a piece of wood off the USS Cairo, the military park's ironclad Union gunboat. He ended up spending three years on probation and paying $3,000 in fines. He was also prohibited from entering any national park during his probation.

Under Mississippi law, vandalism that causes more than $1,000 in damage carries maximum penalties of five years in prison and a $10,000 fine.

At the Texas Memorial, the 11 steps leading to its main portion honor other Confederate states. A live yucca plant, native to Texas and the southwestern United States, stands next to a bronze statuary that symbolizes those who served from Texas.

The memorial lists all Texas units on the defense line, in Johnston's Army and in Walker's Texas Division."

Blasterz assert that relic hunters in historic parks are skunks.

Blasterz are 1st, 7th, and 8th generation Texans. Although we did not have any of our Texas family ,embers fighting at Vicksburg, Mama Blaster's 3rd Great grandfather Pvt. Andrew Holmes served and died here as a member of Co. E, 31st Louisiana Infantry.

Mama Blaster's 2nd great grandfather Amasa Pratt Tourgee Perkins , and his brothers Thomas and Leander F. Perkins, all served with Co. D of the 9th Texas Cavalry, CSA. tTey were at the battle of Corinth, not too far away.
Date Installed or Dedicated: 11/4/1961

Name of Government Entity or Private Organization that built the monument: State of Texas State Building Commission

Union, Confederate or Other Monument: Confederate

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