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Battle of Murfreesboro - Murphfreesboro, TN
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 35° 50.764 W 086° 23.535
16S E 554881 N 3967045
Quick Description: Tennessee Civil War Trails
Location: Tennessee, United States
Date Posted: 8/5/2014 2:52:04 AM
Waymark Code: WMM7HG
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
Views: 0

Long Description:

County of amreker: Rutherford County
Location of marker: end of W. Main St., main sidewalk courthouse lawn, Murfreesboro
Marker erected by: Tennessee Civil War Trails

Marker text:

Beginning of a legend
Forrest's First Raid
For two weeks in July 1862, Col. nathan Bedford Forrest led 1,400 cavalrymen through Middle Tennessee to raid, scout, and disrupt the Union Army of the Cumberland's operation there, leaving Murfreewsboro on July 13.

Few union soldiers stationed in Murfreesboro were stirring in the early hours of Sunday morning, July 13, 1862, when Confederate Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry thundered down East Main Street. The substantial Federal garrison here under Gen. Thomas T. Crittenden guarded the vital Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad line, but the troops had been separated into groups. An infantry regiment, a cavalry detachment, and an artillery battery were camped on Stones River more than a mile northwest of the town square. Another regiment bivouacked at Maney's Spring (Oaklands mansion), and an infantry company guarded the courthouse.

After capturing the sentinels on the outskirts of town without firing a shot, Forrest formed his men into three columns and attacked each separate Federal detachment simultaneously. The action on the square was heavy and Union sharpshooters killed more than twenty Confederates from protected positions in the courthouse and surrounding buildings. The Federal defenders held fast until the Confederates set fire to the first floor of the courthouse and threatened to burn them out.

The combination of surprise, strategy, and guile proved to be effective. Each of the three Federal detachments surrendered in turn. Forrest's cavalry took more than a thousand prisoners, including Crittenden, four artillery pieces, and a large quantity of military stores. They also freed a number of local citizens being held hostage in retaliation for the killing of some foraging Union soldiers.

Type of site: Battlefield

1 Public Square
courthouse lawn
Murfreesboro, TN USA

Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Driving Directions:
center of Murfreesboro on the courthouse lawn.

Phone Number: Not listed

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