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Zoodochos Pigi, Kamari, Santorini Island
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Arne1
N 36° 22.290 E 025° 28.488
35S E 363180 N 4026234
Quick Description: The only source of fresh water on the Santorini Island in a cave above the town Kamari.
Location: Greece
Date Posted: 7/1/2014 4:00:25 PM
Waymark Code: WMM1AQ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member thebeav69
Views: 2

Long Description:
The natural spring in the cave-like opening of the limestone bedrock of Profitis Ilias was the main water source for the city of ancient Thera, as well as for the entire island. The cave, which measures 26 m. long, is known as Zoodochos Pigi (Life-giving Spring) after the chapel of the same name situated at its entrance. In antiquity, the spring was connected to ancient Thera via the main road leaving the city towards the north. Parts of this ancient way survive today, slightly lower than the modern path which passes in front of the spring. The ancient road continued further along the eastern flank of Profitis Ilias, to an extensive cemetery with stone-cut tombs. It is likely that a second branch of the ancient road split off near the spring and traveled down to the northern harbor of the city, known as ancient Oia, at the foot of Mesa Vouno. The water of the spring drips from the ceiling of the cave into a natural basin, created by the spring water itself. Traces of ancient cuttings in the rock of the cave indicate that water management works were carried out. Among these, a channel, the lower part of which survives today with width of 0.70-0.80 m., takes the water from the spring to the front of the cave. It is indeed likely that there was also some sort of construction underneath the modern chapel. Although the quantity of water supplied by the spring was most likely not sufficient to cover the needs of the inhabitants of the city, it was in continuous use during antiquity. It appears that the spring was also used, in ancient times as well as modern, as a place for travelers on foot to stop and rest. Numerous inscriptions of the Archaic period, bearing personal names, were carved into the smooth surface of the stones surrounding the spring.
Type of Land: Other

Managed By: Kamari Cominity

Contact Info: unknown

Type of Cave: Other

Contains Stalactites: yes

Contains Stalagmites: yes

Contains Bats: no

Price of Admission: 0.00 (listed in local currency)

Website: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Please include a digital photograph of the cave which documents your visit and any information that may be helpful for future visitors.
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