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Fort Dickerson - Knoxville, Tennessee
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member DougK
N 35° 56.910 W 083° 54.960
17S E 236981 N 3982167
Quick Description: One of the Union forts built to protect the southern approaches to Knoxville, Fort Dickerson is now part of a city park.
Location: Tennessee, United States
Date Posted: 5/12/2014 1:22:48 PM
Waymark Code: WMKPND
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 2

Long Description:
This Civil War Trails sign tells the story of Knoxville’s forts:

FORT DICKERSON

Defending Knoxville

Knoxville Campaign

By late 1863, the Union army had turned Knoxville into one of the most fortified cities in the country. Chief Engineer Capt. (later Gen.) Orlando M. Poe used civilians and slaves to assist his 300-man engineering battalion, while Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside marched south to block Confederate Gen. James Longstreet's approach. On returning, Burnside's men joined in the digging and surrounded the city with 16 forts and batteries, miles of earthworks, and two dams to flood the area just north of Knoxville. Three of the forts - Dickerson Higley, and Stanley - loomed on the ridges across the Tennessee River.

As Confederate infantry advanced on the river's north side, Longstreet sent 4,000 cavalrymen under Gen. Joseph Wheeler through Maryville and Blount County to capture the heights overlooking the river. Gen. William P. Sanders, however blocked Wheeler with 1,500 Federal cavalrymen, slowing the Confederate advance and allowing Federal troops time to prepare defenses on what was to become Fort Dickerson. Arriving at the base of the heights on the land side, the Confederate cavalry found the slope too steep and the defenders too numerous for a successful attack. After two tentative assaults, they withdrew and rejoined Longstreet.

On November 25, Confederates attacked the earthworks on Armstrong Hill, adjoining the site of Fort Higley, driving the Federals from their trenches. Union troops rallied and forced the Confederates back to their original position on Cherokee Heights. A Confederate diversionary attack took place in this area four days later in conjunction with the attack on Fort Sanders. The Confederate defeat in November 1863 was largely due to Poe's design of Knoxville's extensive fortifications.

Type of site: Battlefield

Address:
Fort Dickerson Road SW
Knoxville, Tennessee USA
37920


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Driving Directions:
From the City of Knoxville, take US Route 441, aka the Chapman Highway south. Turn right on Fort Dickerson Road SW and climb the hill to the entrance of the park congaing Fort Dickerson.


Phone Number: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Post at least one photo of a Civil War related item or scene and post one Civil War Discovery you learned while visiting the waymark. The photo should have the coordinates of where it was taken if significantly different from the waymark's coordinates.
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