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Folck's Mill - Cumberland, Maryland
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member outdoorboy34
N 39° 40.305 W 078° 43.288
17S E 695432 N 4393807
Quick Description: This marker is located at Shriner's Hall - 13100 Ali Ghan Road NE in the City of Cumberland, Allegany County, Maryland
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 5/12/2014 7:28:24 AM
Waymark Code: WMKPKM
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 3

Long Description:
Late in July 1864, Confederate Gen. John C. McCausland led his two cavalry brigades (about 2,800 men) northward into Pennsylvania and Maryland to capture Chambersburg and Cumberland and either collect a ransom or burn the towns. McCausland burned Chambersburg on July 31. The next day, his raiders reached the National Pike and rode toward Cumberland. Union Gen. William W. Averell led 2,000 cavalrymen in pursuit.

Union Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley hurriedly organized Cumberland’s defenses. He positioned a blocking force of two infantry regiments (about 1,000 men) and four artillery pieces east of town on wooded hills overlooking Folck’s Mill. Other units, including three hastily organized civilian volunteer companies, occupied prepared positions elsewhere around the town.

When the first Confederates reached Folck’s Mill, the concealed Federals opened fire. The raiders took shelter in the mill buildings and what is now Hillcrest Cemetery. As the main Confederate force arrived, it deployed on the hill behind the advance body. A sharp fight ensued about 3 p.m. and continued for four and a half hours. With Averell pressing their rear and a solid defense in their front, the Confederates had no choice but to escape south under cover of darkness, leaving campfires burning to deceive the Federals. A difficult night march brought the raiders to Oldtown at dawn. Confederate losses at Cumberland numbered two killed, two wounded, and three taken prisoner, while the Federals suffered twelve wounded.
Type of site: Battlefield

Address:
13100 Ali Ghan Road NE
Cumberland, MD USA
21502


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Driving Directions:
Take Interstate 68 to Exit 46 (US 220 North). Marker is at Shriner's Hall which is on the Old National Pike


Phone Number: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Post at least one photo of a Civil War related item or scene and post one Civil War Discovery you learned while visiting the waymark. The photo should have the coordinates of where it was taken if significantly different from the waymark's coordinates.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
jerkybillthecat visited Folck's Mill - Cumberland, Maryland 8/23/2014 jerkybillthecat visited it