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Trail of Tear Display - Cherokee, North Carolina
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member DougK
N 35° 29.033 W 083° 18.960
17S E 289894 N 3929171
Quick Description: The nearby Qualla Town Cherokees were not required to relocate, but they were forced to help the U.S. Army hunt for fugitives hiding in the mountains. They led the Army on worthless hunts to protect any fugitives.
Location: North Carolina, United States
Date Posted: 5/4/2014 5:28:39 PM
Waymark Code: WMKN1D
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Bernd das Brot Team
Views: 3

Long Description:
This interpretative sign, near the Cherokee Museum, tells the following story:
Trail of Tears - Qualla Town

In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Thousands of Cherokees perished during the forced relocation, which has become known as the Trail of Tears. This tragic episode of our history was a result of the 1830 Indian Removal Act, an official government policy to purge native nations from the eastern United States.

Because the Cherokee community of Qualla Town separated from the Cherokee Nation around 1820, the people of Qualla were not legally required to emigrate on the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma in 1838. By 1837, WIlliam H. Thomas, Qualla's white patron, secured state and federal guarantees for the "Qualla Town Cherokees" right to remain in their ancient homeland.

Nevertheless, the U.S. Army threatened the people of Qualla with deportation in September 1838, when troops commanded by Lt. C.H. Larned came to Qualla in search of fugitives from the Cherokee Nation. Larned directed Yonaguska, the leader of the settlement, to assemble the community for inspection.

The troops counted the Qualla Town people against an 1837 roster to determine if any fugitives were present. Larned then demanded that Yonaguska send Qualla scouts to find their own kinspeole who were hiding in the mountains, and threatened to deport the Qualla community if they did not cooperate. The conscripted Qualla scouts led the troops on wild goose chases through the Smokey Mountains, far from the hiding places of the fugitives.

After the army withdrew from western North Carolina in November 1838, hundreds of Cherokee fugitives came from their mountain hideouts and joined friends and relatives at Qualla Town, forming the nucleus of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians.

Routes: Auto Tour

Address if available:
589 Tsali Boulevard
Cherokee, North Carolina USA

Additional Coordinates: Not Listed

Additional Information: Not listed

Marker Website: Not listed

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NCDaywalker visited Trail of Tear Display - Cherokee, North Carolina 10/6/2014 NCDaywalker visited it