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Slobodan Yovanovitch - Queen's Gate Gardens, London, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Master Mariner
N 51° 29.718 W 000° 10.855
30U E 695682 N 5708675
Quick Description: This grey 'blue' plaque is on the wall of a hotel at the junction of Cromwell Road and Queen's Gate Gardens close to the Natural History Museum.
Location: London, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 8/3/2012 6:40:08 AM
Waymark Code: WMF0PA
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member miatabug
Views: 0

Long Description:

The plaque reads:

 


Professor
Slobodan
Yovanovitch
1869 - 1958
Serbian Historian
Literary Critic
Legal Scholar
Prime Minister of
Yugoslavia
lived here
1945 - 1958
 

 

 


The Slobodan Jovanovich Fund website (visit link) tells us of this exile:

"Slobodan Jovanovic (December 3, 1869, Novi Sad, Austria-Hungary (now Serbia) – December 12, 1958, London, United Kingdom) was one of Serbia’s most prolific jurists, historians, sociologists and journalists. He distinguished himself with a characteristically clear and sharp writing style later called the “Belgrade style”.

Liberal in his social and political views, he was perhaps Yugoslavia’s greatest authority on constitutional law; also a master of Serbian prose style, he was for nearly half a century a leader of the Serbian intelligentsia. He graduated law in Geneva in 1890. In 1905, he became of professor of the University of Belgrade’s Law School. He kept this position until 1941.

Biography:

He had some influence on political life in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia due to his well established authority in the field of law and history, but he entered directly political life only in 1939 when the Serbian Cultural Club was established, and he was appointed as Club’s president.

He was a pro-Western politician and when a pro-Western military coup took place in Belgrade on March 27, 1941, a pro-Western, essentially pro-British government was installed headed by General Dušan Simovic. Jovanovic was deputy Prime Minister in that government of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The Third Reich attacked the Kingdoms of Yugoslavia and Greece on April 6, and soon defeated Yugoslav and Greek forces. Jovanovic moved in mid April together with King Peter II and other cabinet ministers to Jerusalem and he reached London in July. He became prime minister of the Yugoslav government in exile during World War II on January 11, 1942 and remained in that position till June 26, 1943. Tried in absence by Tito’s communist regime together with general Draža Mihailovic, he was sentenced to twenty years in jail which he never served, as well as the loss of political and civil rights for a period of ten years, and confiscation of all property and loss of citizenship.

He spent his later years in exile in London (1945-1958). A memorial plaque in honour of “Professor Slobodan Yovanovitch. Serbian historian, literary critic, legal scholar, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia” may be found in London at 39b Queens Gate Gardens, Kensington.

After unofficial rehabilitation in 1989, his collected works were published in 1991. In Serbia, he is universally regarded as one of the most influential political thinkers of the turn of the century. Leading Serbian quality daily Politika on the occasion of his 70th birthday concluded that “his name has been carved as the highest peak of our culture up to now”. [1] In the same issue four most prominent Serbian intellectuals assessed very highly his accomplishments as a historian, jurist, sociologist and writer.

His analysis of the Karadordevic and Obrenovic rulers ranks among the clearest and most astute. In Serbia, he initiated discussion about previously little known subjects (such as the question of cultural patterns). He also distinguished himself with literary criticism and essays on topics ranging from art to culture and politics.

Jovanovic became a full member of the Serbian Royal Academy in 1908, and its President from 1928 till 1931. He was also a correspondent member of the Yugoslav Academy of Science in Zagreb from 1927.

He was one of the most prominent intellectuals of his time. In his career, he was a lawyer, historian, writer, president of the Serbian Royal Academy (now Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts), professor and rector at Belgrade University, and finally, deputy prime minister and prime minister of the Royal Yugoslav Government in exile.

His collected works were published in 17 volumes in 1939-1940. Although his works were not officially banned any new issue of his books was not permitted in communist Yugoslavia until late 1980s. Finally, a new edition of his collected works was published in Belgrade in 12 volumes in 1991. Since 2003 his portrait is shown on the 5000 dinar banknote of the National Bank of Serbia, and his bust stands at the Faculty of Law in Belgrade. Official rehabilitation occurred on October 26, 2007 by the court in Belgrade.

His father was Vladimir Jovanovic (1833-1922), a famous Serbian liberal economist and politician. He was inspired by John Stuart Mill’s essay “On Liberty” and he baptised his son Slobodan (“sloboda” means freedom, liberty in Serbian) in 1869. Thus Slobodan Jovanovic was the first “Slobodan” among Serbs."

Blue Plaque managing agency: Unknown

Individual Recognized: Slobodan Yovanovitch

Physical Address:
39b Queen's Gate Gardens
London, United Kingdom


Web Address: [Web Link]

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