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New Market Battlefield State Historical Park and Hall of Valor Museum: VMI Cadet Casualties
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member La de Boheme
N 38° 39.705 W 078° 40.215
17S E 702706 N 4281817
Quick Description: The cadets from VMI paid a high price in their first battle -- one in four were killed or wounded on May 15, 1864 at New Market.
Location: Virginia, United States
Date Posted: 5/19/2011 4:09:58 PM
Waymark Code: WMBGHW
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 1

Long Description:
The New Market Battlefield State Historical Park and Hall of Valor Museum on the Valley & Mountain/Route 11: Winchester to Port Republic section of the Virginia Civil War Discovery TrailClick for CWDT link to open in new window is a 280-acre park that features a Civil War museum, a walking tour through the battlefield, and a restored 19th-century farm.

One of the stops is near the Hall of Valor Civil War Museum -- Baptism of Fire VMI Cadet Casualties in the Battle of New Market. In May 1864 , as Union Gen. Sigel and his 10,000 troops advanced into New Market to deliver a crushing blow to the Confederacy, cadets from the nearby Virginia Military Institute were sent to reinforce Confederate Gen. Breckinridge's force of 4000 men. The cadets were blooded in the battleClick for related waymark to open in new window that took place on May 15, when they were sent to fill the holes in the line as Confederate soldiers fell. Of the 257 cadets that went to war, ten were killed. Cadets William Cabell, Charles Crockett, Henry Jones, and Joseph Wheelwright were hit by a shell before they were even ordered into battle. Cabell, Crockett, and Jones died instantly. Wheelwright died of his wounds two weeks later. Cadet William McDowell was killed near the Bushong House where the Union line was. Cadets Samuel Atwill, Luther Haynes, Thomas Jefferson, and Jacqueline Stanard were hit near the Bushong orchard when the VMI cadets were ordered to fill the gaps in the line. All but Stanard, who was killed, died later of their wounds. Cadet Alva Hartsfield also died later of his wounds received during the battle, although the exact location of his wounding is unknown. Another 45 of the 257 cadets who marched to war at New Market were casualties.

The CWDT marker near the location of the first VMI casualties shows a map of the battlefield which pinpoints where each cadet fell.

Type of site: Battlefield

Address:
8895 George Collins Parkway
New Market, VA USA
22844


Phone Number: 540-740-3101

Admission Charged: More than $5

Website: [Web Link]

Driving Directions:
From I-81 take exit 264 at New Market; turn onto Route 211 west and immediately turn right onto Route 305 (George Collins Parkway). Follow "State Historical Park" signs to the main entrance at the end of the Parkway.


Visit Instructions:
Post at least one photo of a Civil War related item or scene and post one Civil War Discovery you learned while visiting the waymark. The photo should have the coordinates of where it was taken if significantly different from the waymark's coordinates.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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79scouts visited New Market Battlefield State Historical Park and Hall of Valor Museum: VMI Cadet Casualties 7/17/2011 79scouts visited it