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Monarchs – King Henry IV of England on side of city hall - Bradford, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member dtrebilc
N 53° 47.566 W 001° 45.185
30U E 582138 N 5961186
Quick Description: This statue of King Henry IV is one of 34monarch statues high up on the wall of Bradford City Hall.
Location: Yorkshire, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 4/4/2011 10:57:52 AM
Waymark Code: WMB4G9
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member The Blue Quasar
Views: 0

Long Description:
The statues are the rulers of England from King William I in 1066 up to and including Queen Victoria who was on the throne when the then Town Hall was built in 1873.

King Henry IV was born on 3rd April 1366 and died on 20th March 1413. He was King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Aquitane (part of what is now mainland France) and asserted his right to be King of France. He reigned as King of England from 30th September 1399 – 20th March 1413.

Before becoming King of England he had various disputes with King Richard II and led a rebellion while Richard was in Ireland. When Richard returned he surrendered to Henry and the abdicated.

In reality Henry was only 2nd in line to the throne but he claimed precedence over Edmund de Mortimer, because his claim was direct through the male line.

Although Parliament accepted Henry as king there were doubts about the legality of his becoming king, and there were various rebellions throughout his reign.

In Wales Owen Glendower immediately rebelled in 1400 and was not defeated until 1408. The Scots were in continual rebellion and Edmund de Mortimer tried to claim his right to the throne between 1403 and 1408.

Henry needed permission of Parliament to raise taxes to fund his armies fighting the rebels and they took advantage of this to increase their powers. In 1401 they gained recognition for freedom of debate and freedom from arrest from dissenting opinion.

The king became increasingly unpopular, especially after he had the Archbishop of York executed for denying his right to be king. He later became ill with what is believed may be leprosy and epilepsy. These illnesses were taken to be God’s revenge because of his execution of the Archbishop of York.

Due to the severity of his illness, his son Prince Henry effectively ruled England. When Henry IV died suddenly in Westminster Abbey in 1413, his son became Henry V with no opposition.
Monarch Ranking: King / Queen

Proper Title and Name of Monarch: By the Grace of God, King of England and France and Lord of Ireland

Country or Empire of Influence: England, Ireland and Aquitaine

Website for additonal information: [Web Link]

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