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Monarchs – King Edward III of England on side of city hall - Bradford, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member dtrebilc
N 53° 47.567 W 001° 45.184
30U E 582139 N 5961187
Quick Description: This statue of King Edward III is one of 34 monarch statues high up on the wall of Bradford City Hall.
Location: Yorkshire, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 2/14/2011 3:41:16 PM
Waymark Code: WMAQW1
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member The Blue Quasar
Views: 0

Long Description:
The statues are the rulers of England from King William I in 1066 up to and including Queen Victoria who was on the throne when the then Town Hall was built in 1873.

King Edward III was born on 13 November 1312 and reigned as King of England from 1 February 1327 – 21 June 1377.

He was only 14 when he was crowned because his father had been forced to abdicate in his favour, by forces led by his mother and her lover Roger Mortimer. Both of them were acting as regents until Edward came of age. However when he was still only 17 he led a coup against his mother and Mortimer and began his personal reign.

One of his first acts was to try band regain Scotland from Robert the Bruce, who had successfully forced his father out of Scotland. The current King of Scotland, David II was only very young, his father having died.

Edward III helped another claimant to the Scottish throne, Edward Balliol and in 1333 he was crowned King of Scotland. In return he ceded Lothian in the South to Edward. Bailliol’s hold on the throne did not last long and he ceded Scotland to Edward, despite the fact that the English held very little territory.

Meanwhile in February 1328 Charles IV of France died without a male heir. Edward was a nephew of the King and he felt he had a good claim to the French throne However he was a nephew by way of his mother and French law did not allow succession through female lines. Although at first he accepted this he later tried to claim the throne for himself. He won many battles, but failed to win France itself. He did manage to win some territory including Calais.

In 1348 the Black struck Europe killing at least a third of England’s population. This led to a sever shortage of labour, and laws were passed to try and prevent labourers moving around the land. This was extremely unpopular, but also largely unsuccessful because of competition between landowners to secure labour.

The cost of the wars and the results of the black death led to the need to raise funds by taxes. At one point Edward defaulted on his debts outside of the country. He also tried to raise money from the wool trade, by charging extra tax on sacks of wool.

For a while he restricted the sale of wool in some towns to foreign merchants only. Although this was unpopular with English wool traders it greatly helped wool producers and their markets expanded greatly.

At this time Bradford had not become a major wool spinning town. But there many sheep farms around and their trade was greatly helped. Edward is remembered fondly for this and there is a statue dedicated to him on the Bradford Wool Exchange.
Monarch Ranking: King / Queen

Proper Title and Name of Monarch: By the Grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland and Duke of Aquitaine

Country or Empire of Influence: England, Ireland and Aquitaine

Website for additonal information: [Web Link]

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