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FIRST - Trans-Atlantic Telegraph - Valentia Island, County Kerry, Ireland
Posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
N 51° 53.587 W 010° 23.417
29U E 404331 N 5750063
Quick Description: Location of the eastern end of the first trans-Atlantic telegraph on Valentia Island, County Kerry, Ireland.
Location: Munster, Ireland
Date Posted: 2/5/2011 1:03:24 PM
Waymark Code: WMANTR
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Zork V
Views: 4

Long Description:

Text of marker:

Telegraph Field Valentia Island

On this historic area two events of notable significance took place.

In 1865/6 the first permanent communications link between Europe and America was initiated here with the landing of the transatlantic telegraph cable.  Four more cables from telegraph field opposite this site were laid between Foilhammerum Bay, Valentia Is. and Hearts Content, Newfoundland, with connection cables to Penzance, Cornwall and Emden, Germany.

The first message,

"glory to god in the highest,
on earth peace and god will to all men"

Followed by Queen Victoria's message to President Buchanan

The U.S. Coast Survey established Foilhammerum Longitude Observatory beside the cable station in 167.  Using a telescope and astronomical clock connected via the telegraph cable, star passage times were observed fro the purpose of calculating the longitude difference between Greenwich Meridian and Harvard College Observatory.

Commissioned by Valentia Heritage Centre, Knightstown.

1857 - 1st. Attempt failed.

1858 - 2nd. Attempt, messages exchanged fairled after three weeks.

1865 - 3rd. Attempt cable lost 300 mls. from Newfoundland.

1866 - 4th Attempt "success!!"

1873 - 5th New cable laid.

1874 - 6th New cable laid.

1880 - 7th New cable laid.

1894 - 8th Final cable in used until 1965.

1881 - Siemens Bros. Emden cable

FIRST - Classification Variable: Item or Event

Date of FIRST: 8/16/1858

More Information - Web URL: [Web Link]

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André de Montbard visited FIRST - Trans-Atlantic Telegraph - Valentia Island, County Kerry, Ireland 7/4/2011 André de Montbard visited it