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Mars Hill College Strategic Location, Divided Loyalties - Mars Hill in Madison County, North Carolina
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Countrydragon
N 35° 49.623 W 082° 32.968
17S E 360040 N 3965873
Quick Description: Marker is in Mars Hill, North Carolina, in Madison County.
Location: North Carolina, United States
Date Posted: 12/29/2009 3:51:48 PM
Waymark Code: WM7ZMD
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 3

Long Description:
Baptist farm families here established Mars Hills College in 1856. The four-acre college campus had three structures by 1861: a two-story brick classroom building, a frame dormitory for boys, and a frame teachers' residence. They stood about 75 yards in front of you.

During the war, neighbors, families and even brothers here were divided in their loyalties to the Southern cause, but many joined the Confederate army during the first two years. Mars Hill was a strategic location, a crossroads for north-south and east-west travel. A hundred-man detachment from the 64th North Carolina Infantry - called "Keith's Detail" - was posted here, the first of several Confederate units at Mars Hill during the war. The college was closed during the last two years of the conflict as conditions in mountain communities deteriorated and supported for the Confederacy waned.

Home Guard commander Gen. John W. McElroy had his headquarters here after July 1863. He wrote to North Carolina Governor Zebulon B. Vance in April 1864, "I have 100 men at this place to guard against [Union Col. George W.] Kirk, of Laurel, and cannot reduce the force....In fact, it seems to me that there is a determination of the people in this country generally to do no more service in the cause."

Confederate troops left Mars Hill to forage in March 1865
Type of site: Other Military Site

Address:
205 Cascade St
Mars Hill, NC
28754


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Post at least one photo of a Civil War related item or scene and post one Civil War Discovery you learned while visiting the waymark. The photo should have the coordinates of where it was taken if significantly different from the waymark's coordinates.
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Countrydragon visited Mars Hill College Strategic Location, Divided Loyalties - Mars Hill in Madison County, North Carolina 1/5/2010 Countrydragon visited it