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Hastings House Johnston’s Headquarters — Carolinas Campaign — Smithfield in Johnston County, North Carolina
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Countrydragon
N 35° 30.678 W 078° 20.984
17S E 740355 N 3932977
Quick Description: Marker is in Smithfield, North Carolina, in Johnston County. Marker is at the intersection of S Front Street and E Johnston Street, on the right when traveling south on S Front Street.
Location: North Carolina, United States
Date Posted: 12/29/2009 3:22:08 PM
Waymark Code: WM7ZM5
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 6

Long Description:
The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy's logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's last-ditch attack at Bentonville. After Sherman was reinforced at Goldsboro late in March, Johnston saw the futility of further resistance and surrendered on April 26, essentially ending the Civil War.

Hoping to deflect Union Gen. William T. Sherman's army from Goldsboro, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston attacked Sherman's Left Wing here on March 19, 1865, after finding it separated from the Right Wing, located several miles southeast. As the fighting intensified, Sherman led the Right Wing here in support. Johnston's forces, vastly outnumbered, withdrew to Smithfield on Marcy 21, and Sherman's army marched to Goldsboro.

You are standing at the William Hastings house (ca. 1854), which served as headquarters for Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and Gen. Braxton Bragg in mid-March 1865. Johnston chose to concentrate his army at Smithfield because it is located midway between Goldsboro and Raleigh, and because the North Carolina Railroad still served it. Here Johnston organized his forces for a desperate strike against Gen. William T. Sherman’s vastly larger army. Johnston formed the Army of the South from the four distinct elements under his immediate command: Hardee’s Corps, Hoke’s Division, the Army of Tennessee contingent, and Hampton’s cavalry. The army numbered 20,000 by March 17 against Sherman’s 60,000, and Hardee’s delaying action at Averasboro (March 15-16) bought Johnston precious time. On March 18, he sent a dispatch to Gen. Robert E. Lee in Virginia informing him of his plans against Sherman, then departed for Bentonville.

After the Battle of Bentonville, Johnston reestablished his headquarters in Smithfield on March 25. Between then and April 10, while Johnston’s army regrouped and rested here, he continued to send dispatches to Lee in Virginia. On April 9, as Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Johnston issued orders for his men to march to Raleigh. The next day, the beleaguered and tattered Confederate army left Smithfield.

The Hastings house originally stood behind the Johnston County Courthouse at 2nd and Johnston Streets facing 2nd Street. It has been moved twice, once in 1941 and then to its present location in 1965

Type of site: Other

Address:
S Front Street
Smithfield, NC
27577


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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DukeRoom visited Hastings House Johnston’s Headquarters — Carolinas Campaign — Smithfield in Johnston County, North Carolina 9/6/2013 DukeRoom visited it
xptwo visited Hastings House Johnston’s Headquarters — Carolinas Campaign — Smithfield in Johnston County, North Carolina 12/26/2011 xptwo visited it

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