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Battle of Bentonville “In suffering condition” — Carolinas Campaign — Bentonville in Johnston County, North Carolina
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Countrydragon
N 35° 18.125 W 078° 19.357
17S E 743444 N 3909832
Quick Description: Marker is in Bentonville, North Carolina, in Johnston County. Marker is at the intersection of Harper House Road (County Route 1008) and Mill Creek Church Road (County Route 1188), on the left when traveling north on Harper House Road.
Location: North Carolina, United States
Date Posted: 12/29/2009 2:56:21 PM
Waymark Code: WM7ZKY
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 6

Long Description:
The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy's logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's last-ditch attack at Bentonville. After Sherman was reinforced at Goldsboro late in March, Johnston saw the futility of further resistance and surrendered on April 26, essentially ending the Civil War.

Hoping to deflect Union Gen. William T. Sherman's army from Goldsboro, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston attacked Sherman's Left Wing here on March 19, 1865, after finding it separated from the Right Wing, located several miles southeast. As the fighting intensified, Sherman led the Right Wing here in support. Johnston's forces, vastly outnumbered, withdrew to Smithfield on March 21, and Sherman's army marched to Goldsboro.
This is the John Harper farmhouse, which the Union XIV Corps commandeered for a field hospital on March 19, 1865, during the Battle of Bentonville. Elements of Union Gen. H. Judson
Kilpatrick’s cavalry, Gen. Alpheus S. William’s headquarters, and XX Corps soldiers occupied other parts of the farm. More than 500 Union wounded and 45 Confederate wounded were treated here during the three days of the battle, while approximately ten family members remained in the house upstairs. After the battle, the Union army transported its wounded to Goldsboro, while the 45 Confederates were left in the care of the Harper family. The Harpers buried those who died in the family cemetery nearby. After the war, because of the destruction across the 825-acre property, John Harper and his sons were compelled to work as sharecroppers on a neighboring farm.

John Harper III settled on 200 acres here in southern Johnston County between 1803 and 1808. The family had relocated from Harpers Ferry, Virginia, where his father, John Harp Sr., had served in the Revolutionary War. After John Harper III died in 1834, his wife, Anna, managed his estate until her death in 1841, when John Harper IV inherited the farm. John IV married Amy Woodard in 1838 and they raised nine children here. About 1855, Harper constructed this two-story farmhouse to replace the house that his father built early in the 1800s.
Type of site: Museum

5466 Harper House Road
Four Oaks , NC

Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

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FRESH AIR53 visited Battle of Bentonville “In suffering condition” — Carolinas Campaign —   Bentonville in Johnston County, North Carolina 9/21/2012 FRESH AIR53 visited it